Alternative medicine sees health as a balance between different systems in human body, mental, emotional and spiritual, physical as well. All aspects are interconnected – it’s a principle called holism which means state of wholeness or completeness. It’s considered that every dissonance presents stress for organism and can lead to illness. In illness prevention, alternative medicine knows many different ways of therapy in order to improve and strengthen defensive system of human body and between human organs. One of the better known therapies is Acupuncture.
Acupuncture is based on traditional Chinese theory about meridians – channels of energy for which is believed to be spread through body, carrying life force or energy called chi.

Chi is main principle in martial arts and customary Chinese medicine.
With this therapy, chi flow is controlled with needles (thin as hair) being inserted into certain places called acupuncture points in the skin. Whereas in the past needles were made of stone, today’s knows modern methods such as laser acupuncture. Acupuncture should be performed by enabled practitioner.
Average treatment consists of 5 to 15 insertions of thin needles. They can penetrate only few millimeters deep (tip of the fingers) or even 7 to 10 centimeters (where thick layer of adipose tissue or muscles exist). The procedure rarely hurts, even though some burning or burden can be felt. Apart from inserting needles or instead of, people who decide to do acupuncture, can choose treatment called Moxibustion. It’s composed of bringing the heat directly above the place for acupuncture, with burning fluff of herbs (mugwort – a tall Eurasian plant with small brownish flower heads that is common on waste ground and in hedge-rows) and aromatic plants, in order to bring balance among human organs.

Efficiency of Acupuncture is well proved in short term pain moderation. It is yet to be discovered how can stop or prevent long term pain. Acupuncture is efficient in rehabilitation after someone suffers a stroke and also in nausea (sickness) moderation. It is also recommended as a way of dealing with drug addiction problems. World health organization recognized Acupuncture as a healing method in 1979.

Spinal Cord

Spinal Cord

The spinal cord is a part of a human organs system that is the most important path for information that connects peripheral nervous system and the brain. Along with the brain, spinal cord is central part of somatic and autonomic nervous system. The spinal cord is shaped like a cylindar tape, about 45 centimeter long in men and 43 in women. It’s surrounded and protected by the bony vertebral column. It’s divided in 2 simetrical parts. Back part is long and shallow and front part looks like a deep crack. Spinal cord (medulla spinalis) consists of grey and white matter. Grey matter is located deep, around spinal cord central canal. In cross section , grey matter looks like a letter H, shaped like a butterfly and formed out of two horns and commissure. There are two types of horns, anterior and posterior. Anterior horn is short and broad. The anterior horn contains motor neurons which joined together affect the axial muscles. Cell bodies of alpha motor neurons are placed in the anterior horn. Posterior horn of spinal cord is narrow and long. It receiver different types of sensory information from the body such as proprioception, vibration., touch, sensation. Top of the posterior horn is extended with gelatin substance that contains number of neuroglia cells and neurons. Grey commisure, which consist of little nerve cells, contains centers of autonomic nervous system.White matter of the spinal cord is at the surface and it is divided by grey matter horns and spinal nerve roots into 3 so called bundles: frontal, side and back. Front ones are conncected with thick commissure. Back ones are divided by glial compartment. Spinal nerves get off with two roots that branch of the spinal cord and connect again passing out through a hole in each of the vertebrae named Foramen (foramen interventerbrale). Frontal Root contains Motor fibres and the back one contains sensitive nerve fibres.

There are four groups of spinal nerves and they are:

  • Cervical nerves – C
  • Thoracic nerves – T
  • Lumbar nerves – L
  • Sacral nerves – S

Cervical nerves are nerves in the neck. Thiracic nerves are nerves in the upper back, and Lumbar and Sacral are nerves in the lower back. There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves.

spinal cord human organs


human organs

What are organs? Organs are collections of tissues that are joined in a structural unit with purpose of serving a common function. They are consisted of a main tissue which is called parenchzma and sporadic tissues, that are called stroma. For a specific organ, the main tissue is the one that is unique fo the specific organ, while spradic tissues include nerves, blood and connective tissues. Functionally related organs often cooperate to form whole organ systems.

Organs exist in all higher biological organisms, in particular they are not restricted to animals, but they can also be identified in plans. Single-cell organisms, like bacteria, the functional analogues of organs arecalled organelles. A hollow organ is a visceral organ that is a hollow tube or pouch, such as the stomach or intestine, or that includes a cavity, like the heart or urinary bladder.

The origin of the English word “organ” is deriveted from the Latin organum, which means instrument, which is drawn from the Greek word organon, that means implement, musical instrument or organ of the body. The philosopher Aristotle used the word very often in his philosophy, both to descripe the organs of plants and animals and to describe more abstract pars of an interconnected whole.

More on the specific human organs will be presented to you in later texts.

Journey Inside the Human Body

Modern medicine knows many methods with which to explore the human body. Over time they have developed sophisticated machines that take pictures inside the human body, giving us incredible images of certain organs, sometimes in 3D format.

Inside the Human Body

Depending on the area of medicine using the different methods by which we understand the overall picture of our physical state. The fact is that within the human body take place countless processes, many of them still do not known, but the medicine each day reveals new ways. Right now the focus is on the statement made by U.S. scientists that blood test can determine who will live longer with accuracy from 60 to 85 percent. Unbelievable, is not it!? Diagnostics is an area of medicine that deals with the constant finding new ways to better explore the area inside the human body. Sometimes, it is not necessary to scan your body in order to see that something is wrong. Some symptoms are clearly delineating the surface of the skin, eyes, etc… Thus, for example pale in the face often means anemia, fatigue, exhaustion, and others. However, the most accurate diagnosis occurs when all available methods incorporate parameters that indicate a particular disease.

Inside the human body take place countless parallel processes which together makes a balanced whole. What is happening inside our bodies causes the interest of scientists as well as the world around us and even space. Numerous documentary series have been dedicated to discovering the secrets that hide the human body. Today, at the time of digitalization there are number of sites where you can learn in great detail the ways in which the body works. LINK There are also video clips that show the more realistic our body.

Check here fascinating animation display inside the human body, its anatomy and physiology, but also the whole complexity of the surgery.

Here you can view last year’s animation.

For those who want to study the sky is the limit. Take you on an adventure inside the human body.

The Human Body – Miracle of Nature

We are all heard about the world’s largest natural wonders. What actually is the greatest miracle of nature? Answer is the human body. Our body is a perfect blend of muscle, tissue, bones, cells that give people superiority over other living world.

The human body is the most perfect mechanism. Each and every atom in it has its own function complementing of other elements. If you serious percentile to observe how your body works you will find that none of the machines designed by humans not so perfect. Whether you believe that God created us or we evolved from apes, you can not deny that the complexity of the human body is what allows us to be on top of the food chain.


Over time so much has been discovered about the human body and through many studies  were determine some facts that seem unbelievable. The following is a list of the most interesting facts about our bodies.

When laughter is used 17 muscles to frown and 43 muscles even

A man loses a day to 100 strands of hair, than the average how many there are 100,000 head

Loss of one eye man loses only 1 / 5 of vision

The human body has:

- Iron sufficient to produce a nail of 8 cm,

- Enough sulfur to kill all fleas on an average dog

- Enough carbon to produce 900 pencils

- Fat enough to produce seven soaps

- Enough phosphorus to produce 2.200 matches

The human body has over 600 muscles that make up 40% of the total weight of the man.

The human brain consists of 85% water

Every minute in the human body expires 300 million cells

The nervous system of adult total debt is over 70 kilometers

The average person in their lifetime produce enough saliva to fill two Olympic swimming pools

Each person has a unique fingerprint on your thumb hand

Fingerprint is formed by the three-month fetus

Brad has grown to over 10 meters in a man who never in his life would not have shaved

Every hour is the average human body peel 600,000 pieces of dried skin -- during the life of the average total weight over 50 pounds

Most men have erections every hour during sleep

The sound produced by snoring can reach up to 70 decibels, the equivalent volume of pneumatic hammers

Alphabet of Human Bones

The human bones are primary reinforcement of the human body. In total the human body has 206 bones, their main function are to support the body’s structure.

Alphabet of Human Bones

Latin Os, all the bones in the human body form the human skeleton and muscles along with creating a system for moving bodies. The skeleton of a human being is a unique structure that is adapted to the needs  of twolegs movement and upright posture.

Human bones can not operate independently and are therefore associated joints and muscles, so the body can run at up to 45 km / h. The bones are solid and strong, hollow inside, so they are not heavy and are only 14% of our total body weight (lighter than muscle). The bones are not dead matter in our body, so when it breaks renewed. In addition to calcium, which makes the main mineral in bone composition, 10 percent of bone substance is water.

Build Bones

Human bones consists of several parts: bone tissue (solid and spongy), cartilage, periosteum, bone marrow. Solid bone tissue is pergamenata whit cannels surrounding by bone cells, which secrete in their gap calcium and phosphorus that gives bones strength. Therefore the constant need to consume food and drink rich with these minerals in order to maintain bone strength. Cartilage is a flexible supplement to the bones, whose main function is to reduce friction in the joints. Spongy bone tissue is filled with small cavities or mottled pillars that make bones strong but not too heavy. Periosteum surrounds the bone growth and strongly to it. It was made of a special connective tissue. Bone marrow is the tube cavity of long bones and cavities are filled with spongy tissue, bone marrow, which produces most of the blood cells.

Did you know?

  • The smallest bone in the human body is the stirrup, which is located in the ear, is only 3 mm long
  • The hand consists of 54 bones, including joints
  • The only bone that is fully grown is the ear
  • People are born with 300 bones in  their body, but in old age have only a 206, cause it is incorporating some bone
  • The human face is made up of 15 bones
  • The nails of the fingers grow 4 times faster than toenails
  • The thigh bone is stronger than concrete
  • Femur, which is the longest and strongest bone in the body, is hollow


Osteoporosis -- the most common bone disease

As already pointed out calcium is the most important ingredient for the normal development of healthy human bones and maintain its strength. Sufficient intake of calcium affects the construction of the highest possible amount of bone mass, and whit age instrumental in slowing the loss of it.

The most common bone disease is osteoporosis. The bones, which were strong,  become brittle due to osteoporosis and brittle. The movements, which should be normal, may, in patients with osteoporosis, easily lead to fractures. Most people do not know, to have osteoporosis until a bone is not broken.

Osteoporosis is characterized by loss of bone mineral density that causes bone weakness. The bones are permanently break down and rebuild. After thirty bone is gradually lost. If this loss becomes pronounced, it can cause a condition called osteoporosis. The bones become thin and brittle. Women lose bone faster performance menopause, when it begins to decrease levels of female sex hormone, estrogen.

Regeneration of human organs

Medicine is faced with the new challenge, to understand the regeneration of human organs, spontaneous and supported by technology. This challenge has been the focus of modern medicine, and many developed countries adjust their strategic plans focusing to a new form of treatment, regeneration. Spontaneous regeneration of complex vital organs – heart, lungs, limbs, it is not impossible, but it is still part of the distant future. Some human organs regenerate themselves during our lives, but to some extent.

Regeneration of human organs

The latest five-year campaign for the American security services worth $ 250 million and aims to help, above all, military and civilians who are accidentally left disabled. Also, this is the way to test the latest technology – the spontaneous regeneration of human organs of the patient. For good regeneration of human organs are good vegeterian food, check here for vegetarian cuisine and recipes.

Medicine has long been known that certain parts of the body receive a certain amount of cells capable of sharing in order to regenerate human organs, which should help them in case of injury. Idea is that cell division and redirect them outside the body. The newly formed cells capable of division would be placed in the so-called biodegradable mold, form one body part that is due to injury, damaged or lost. In this way ensures the success of one hundred percent recovery of the patient, unlike others in transplant organs.

Namely, the human body has a defense mechanism that transplanted tissue could be recognized as foreign, leading to his dismissal. As in the case of new methods is not about other people, but on emerging from the cell bodies of the patient, the possibility of contraindications is reduced to a minimum. The new, regenerative medicine and its methods allow the simple body parts such as skin, ears, nose, bladder, cartilage and blood vessels regenerate successfully with cells of the patient. However, complex regeneration of vital organs like the heart, lungs, arms and legs is now a matter of the future. Individuals claim that such a thing already done, although in the case of rat, not the human heart.

Human Digestive System

Digestion is the process  that helps humans to survive,because it produces energy for life,but also creates some waste that needs to be eliminated from the humans body.

Human digestive system starts at the mouth and ends at the anus. It is made up of a  of muscles that coordinate the movement of food and other cells that produce enzymes and hormones to aid  at dissolution of  food. There are also three other organs that are needed for digestion: the liver, gallbladder, and the pancreas.

human digestive system

Food’s journey through the human digestive system

1-The Mouth

Digestion starts at the mouth even  before you  take the first bite of a meal. That’s because the smell of food triggers the salivary glands in your mouth to secrete saliva, causing your mouth to water. When you actually taste the food, saliva increases.Once you start to chew  and break the food down into pieces small enough to be digested other mechanisms come into play. More saliva is produced to begin the process of breaking down food into a form your body can absorb and  use. In addition, “juices” are produced that will help to further break down food.

2- The Pharynx and Esophagus

The pharynx,or the throat, is the part of the digestive tract that receives the food from your mouth. Branching off the pharynx  is the esophagus, which carries food to the stomach, and the trachea or windpipe, which carries air to the lungs.

The act of swallowing takes place in the pharynx partly as a reflex and partly under voluntary control. The tongue and soft palate — the soft part of the roof of the mouth — push food into the pharynx, which closes off the trachea. The food  then enters the esophagus.

The esophagus is a muscular tube extending from the pharynx and  behind the trachea to the stomach. Food  is pushed through the esophagus and  into the stomach  by means of a series of contractions called peristalsis.

There is an important ring-shaped muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter  wich opens to letfood pass into the stomach and closes to keep it there. If your LES doesn’t work properly, you may suffer from a condition called GERD, or reflux (the feeling of food coming back up).

3- The Stomach and Small Intestine

The stomach is a organ that looks like a bag,but  with strong muscular walls. It serves as the mixer and grinder of food. The stomach secretes acid and powerful enzymes that continue the process of breaking the food down and changing it to a consistency of liquid orpaste. After that food goes  to the small intestine. Between meals the non-liquefiable remnants are released from the stomach and ushered through the rest of the intestines to be eliminated.

The small intestine is made of three segments — the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.It also breaks down food using enzymes released by the pancreas and bile from the liver. Peristalsis is also at work in this organ, moving food through and mixing it up with the digestive secretions from the pancreas and liver, including bile. The duodenum is largely responsible for the continuing breakdown process, with the jejunum and ileum being mainly responsible for absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream.Problems with any of these components can cause a variety of conditions.While food is in the small intestine, nutrients are absorbed through the walls and into the bloodstream. The waste moves into the large intestine.Everything above the large intestine is called the upper GI tract. Everything below is the lower GI tract

4-The Colon, Rectum, and Anus

The colon (large intestine) is muscular tube that connects the small intestine to the rectum. It is made up of the ascending (right) colon, the transverse (across) colon, the descending (left) colon and the sigmoid colon, which connects to the rectum. The appendix is a small tube attached to the ascending colon. The large intestine is a highly specialized organ that is responsible for processing waste so that defecation  is easy and convenient.

Stool, or waste, passes through the colon by means of peristalsis, first in a liquid state and ultimately in solid form. As stool passes through the colon, any remaining water is absorbed. Stool is stored in the sigmoid (S-shaped) colon until a “mass movement” empties it into the rectum, usually once or twice a day.

It normally takes about 36 hours for stool to get through the colon. The stool itself is mostly food debris and bacteria. These bacteria perform several useful functions, such as synthesizing various vitamins, processing waste products and food particles, and protecting against harmful bacteria. When the descending colon becomes full of stool it empties its contents into the rectum to begin the process of elimination.

5-Rectum and anus

Rectum has three main operations. It receives stool from the colon,lets the person know there is stool to be evacuated.and holds the stool until evacuation happens.

When gas or stool comes into the rectum, sensors send a message to the brain. The brain then decides if the rectal contents can be released or not. If they can, the sphincters relax and the rectum contracts, expelling its contents. If the contents cannot be expelled, the sphincters contract and the rectum accommodates so that the sensation temporarily goes away.

The last part of the digestive tract is anus. It consists of the muscles that line the pelvis (pelvic floor muscles) and two other muscles called anal sphincters .One is internal and the other one is external.

The pelvic floor muscle creates an angle between the rectum and the anus that stops stool from coming out when it is not supposed to. The anal sphincters provide fine control of stool. The internal sphincter is always tight, except when stool enters the rectum. It keeps us continent (not releasing stool) when we are asleep or otherwise unaware of the presence of stool. When we get an urge to defecate , we rely on our external sphincter to keep the stool in until we can get to the toilet.

Human digestive system anus

As we mentioned at the begginig,there are also three organs very significant for digesting the food.

Pancreas  the chief factory for digestive enzymes that are secreted into the duodenum and these enzymes break down protein, fats, and carbohydrates.

Liver has multiple functions, but two of its main functions are to make and secrete an important substance called bile and to process the blood coming from the small intestine containing the nutrients just absorbed. The liver purifies this blood of many impurities before traveling to the rest of the body.

Gallbladder is a storage sac for excess bile. Bile serves two main purposes. First, it helps absorb fats in the diet and secondly, it carries waste from the liver that cannot go through the kidneys Bile made in the liver travels to the small intestine via the bile ducts. If the intestine doesn’t need it, the bile travels into the gallbladder where it awaits the signal from the intestines that food is present..


Laughter against dementia

For elderly demetia patients laguhter could be just the right treatment – and best of all, no side effects.

Humor therapist from Australia Jean-Paul Bell at the start was a clown doctor working with sick children, and now through program called Play-Up he makes elderly laugh.
Bell also studied the impact of humor on behavioral, mood,agitation and social engagment in dementia patients. The results showed that those who participated seemed happier.
„The whole idea behind the Play-Up programme and what we’re doing at the Arts Health Institute is encouraging them to play more because we believe that they’ve got potential to keep playing right until you take your last breath,“ Bell said.

Bell uses a combination of games, jokes, songs to get elderly to laugh.
Patients who were involved in the study seemed les agitated by 20 percen, said lead reseearcher Lee-Fay Low at the universitiy of New South Wale’s School of psychiatry.

„Twenty percent sounds like a small effect but it’s about the same amount, the same effect as you would get if you gave them an antipsychotic medication- medication you would use to treat schizophrenia, bi-polar disorder,“ Low said.

Expectations say that dementia rates could double in Australia , mainly due to an aging problem

Health Insurance For College Students

Health Insurance for college students has become a major concern for parents and authorities alike, given the importance role it plays and the limitations currently in the industry for a comprehensive and cost effective plan for the students. If you are going to college, your insurance may not be the first thing in mind but it plays a major role in your health security.

A health cover guards you from incurring costs in case of accidents or serious illness that may happen in the course of your study.

Health Insurance

It is therefore impertinent that you have appropriate health cover that will help you get the best healthcare possible and at the same time save you from incurring high costs that may end up interfering with your studies. Moreover, inside a recent study by the government Accountability workplace GAO, it had been found out that 30% of the educational institutions demand wellness coverage as a requirement for enrollment. It’ll hence be essential to make sure that whichever option you take attracts significantly of one’s requirements and is expense successful.

Even if you are a clean and health conscious person, you won’t be truly safe from diseases or infection. There will be other students who you will come in contact with them, and they may pass on germs, bacteria or virus to you. Colleges get students from all over the world and this means they could be bringing in foreign bacteria and diseases. You do need a clean bill of health to enter college but these viruses or bacteria might be dormant within their body and they won’t even know about it. The same can also apply to you.

Powerful resource for insurance policies for higher education students

{The other option is using college health insurance plans. These are offered by almost half of the institutions. Although they are a good option when dealing with average diseases or cases, they do not suffice in serious illness or accidents. The other Choosing the best health insurance for college students is one of the most important decisions that a person will have to make. At this time of life it is essential to have access to quality and comprehensive medical care. Being able to afford such a plan, however, is not always easy for young adults living on fixed incomes. The good news is that it is possible to get complete coverage at a feasible price.

Health insurance for college students is one of the things that people always neglect to prepare beforehand. You first live with your parents and everything is taken care of. Clean environment, proper food and someone to do your laundry.

Then when you move out to college, you need to do everything on your own and that is where you start to neglect your own health. Laundries are left unwashed for days, late night meals, lack of sleep, drinking alcohol and eating unhealthy foods. Most college students also thinks that they do not need – after all, they are still young, healthy and strong. However, being young doesn’t make you immune. In fact, college students can be very reckless and live an unhealthy lifestyle which could easily lead to health problems. Furthermore, inside a recent study by the Government Accountability workplace GAO, it was found out that 30% in the educational institutions demand well being coverage as a requirement for enrollment. It will hence be essential to make sure that whichever option you take caters for much of your needs and is price effective.

For instance, there is a large number of insurance companies offering health insurance for students, through which additional features can be purchased to bolster a plan that has been secured through the student’s learning institution. These can be used to secure such features as comprehensive vision and dental care, hospital stays and emergency services.

Student health plan information can usually be obtained through the counseling office or Financial Aid and Student Planning offices that are on campus. There is a variety of funding opportunities that can additionally be used to help cover health care costs at this time and these should be investigated as well.

The reason why you want is because some health insurance does not cover people that are outside of their issued state if you are studying oversea or in another state.

Other health insurances will drop your coverage privileges from your parents when you reach a certain age. While it is not worth it to get a full health insurance plan when you are still in college, you cannot go on without some sort of insurance. So getting a college student health insurance is an ideal move for you.

Price tag comparison sites might help a student to seek out essentially the most inexpensive premiums for your coverage that he or she will need taking into consideration any existing circumstances and unique desires or concerns. Taking the time to talk to a company representative following a provider has been selected will help the student to greater establish the specific strategy inclusions and exclusions. .