Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis, often called TBC, is chronic bacterial infection that can spread through lymph nodes and bloodstream to any human organ, but generally it catches lungs. An active bacterium corrodes a tissue of the infected organs which can be deadly. After entering the organism, microorganisms stay inactive which means that with therapy, most infected people never get an active form of the disease. Bacteria that causes Tuberculosis is air transmitted. Because of that, the disease can be very contagious. Still, it is almost impossible to get infected just by walking next to a person that has Tuberculosis. To be in danger of getting infected, a person needs to be exposed to microorganisms while living or working with someone who has an active disease. But even then, only 10 percent of the people would get an active form. 90 percent has no signs of infection nor can infect someone. Latent infections can become active in time, and even people with no symptoms would have to take therapy. Used to be wide spread, Tuberculosis today is very rare, thanks to antibiotic therapy developed in the 50s.
tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is most commonly caused by microscopic spatter in the air that contains bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, also known as Tuberculosis bacilli. Transmission almost never happens with clothes or linen. If you are spending 8 hours a day every day for 6 months with someone who has the disease you have 50 percent more chances to get infected. People with malnutrition problem are more likely to get sick.
To diagnose Tuberculosis, doctors use skin test. A tiny quantity of a material called PPD Tuberculin is injected just underneath the skin of your inside forearm. Doctor will check your arm in the next few days and if the skin is red and with a bump, it means you got infected. But is does not mean that the form is an active one. Chest X/ray can also be of help in diagnosis, as well as blood tests. Blood tests measure how your immune system reacts to TB bacteria. Medications are crucial in Tuberculosis treatment. Infected person needs to take antibiotics for several months, somewhere between six and nine. Most common medications used in treatment are: Isoniazid, Ethambutol, Rifampin, Pyrazinamide. Side effect can be: loss of appetite, vomiting, dizziness, fever.
It is very important to complete the treatment.
Human organs that can also be affected with tuberculosis are: heart, bones, central nervous system, gastrointestinal system.

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